Notes – Keeling

Table of Contents

A Probable History of the Golden Family
of Newberry, South Carolina Since 1761

Updated 2023.02.02

Golden Genealogy and Family History

 

Keeling DNA Matches

There are multiple paths by which I and other Goldens are DNA matches with various Keeling lines.

#1 ~~~ Our Golden yDNA is a match with a particular Keeling R1b line. Multiple R1b Keeling lines exist. The majority of American Keelings are yDNA J1.

#2 ~~~ Jonathan Crews, 1804–1886, married Elizabeth Adeline Keeling, 1824–1903.  Crews are my 8th and 9th great-grandparents. Shared matches with this marriage can be interpreted as having Keeling descent, but what is being detected for my Golden side is probably only Crews DNA. That said, this particular Keeling line has unresolved origins beginning with John Keeling, 1784–1816, and Catharine Crowell, 1788–1854.

About Keelings

There are two male haplotypes of Keelings from early Virginia: J1 J-M267 and R1b DF98 (there were perhaps two branches of R1b before 1700). A third Keeling branch of E-M35 exists in England. All three Keeling haplotypes have a United Kingdom or Ireland origin from at least the last 750 years or earlier.

All American and many UK Keelings are tracked by William Golden within a single Ancestry.com genealogy.

Some background as to pre-UK origin:

  • E-M35 has a recent SNP indicating BENELUX or Norman region, and currently resides in the UK. [1]Footnote needed
  • J1 J-M267 J-BY56688 is not a recent SNP, approximately 7,400 years old [2]http://scaledinnovation.com/gg/snpTracker.html Keelings associated with J-BY56688 have a UK origin, which is directly associated with most American Keelings associated with the settlement of Thomas Keeling in 1628/1635 at Princess Anne County, formerly Lower Norfolk County in early Virginia records [3]Kits: 206300, 578207, and 924950.
  • R1b DF98: There are two known Keeling male lines that test as R1b. One Keeling line’s STR results match with our Golden male line at 62 of 67 markers. Our Golden male line is Y700 tested, with our terminal SNP currently R-BY103979. The second R1b Keeling line has a terminal SNP of  BY112354, with year of arrival unknown and American origin being a brick wall in Graves, Kentucky in the early 1800s. [4]Kit 978270 R-BY112354 Y700

Early Virginia Keelings

Are the Keelings of Old Rappahanock County, Virginia just a coincidence of yDNA match with our known English Keeling yDNA match?

~~~ 1676: Edward Keeling (born before 1656) inherited land in 1676 with Thomas Gouldman (c1640-1684) from Ralph Wariner. The land was split almost in half, each getting the land opposite the river bank of the other’s newly inherited land on Mill Creek, Old Rappahannock County, Virginia. [5]1677-1678 Old Rappahannock County, Virginia Deed & Will Book 6, Part 1; [Antient Press]; Page 121-122: … WHEREAS Ralph Warriner dyed possessed of a small tract of land about Two hundred … Continue reading

~~~ 1680 Jul 10: … Edward Keeling … Richard Clark, 736 acs., New Kent Co., S. side of Yorke Riv., at the mouth of little cr., where it falls into Skimino Cr; adj. William Whitmore; land formerly Arthur Price’s, neare the Labour in Vaine Path, &c; 10 July 1680, p. 42. Trans. of 15 pers: Samll Higins (or Stigins) [Samuel Higgins / Stigins], Walter Patso, Nich. Young [Nicholas Young], Ben. Heath [Benjamin Heath], Tim. Boyter [Timothy Boyter], Tim. Hatches [Timothy Hatches], Ed. Keeling [Edward Keeling], Rich. Gregory [Richard Gregory], Rob. Smith [Robert Smith], Jno. Hailes [Jonathan / Johnathan Hailes], Danll. Ware [Daniel Ware], Jos. Fellowes [Joseph Fellowes]; “one more”.

~~~ 1684: When Thomas Gouldman passed away, Edward Keeling intervened and posted bond to secure Thomas’ widow Alice against a debt owed to Robert Synock.

~~~ 1687 Jun:…  Edward Keeling is dying. He writes his will naming Edward Gouldman (1660-1710) as his godson. Edward is son of Thomas Gouldman.

~~~~~~ Edward gives Edward a cow named ‘Pretty’ and all of Pretty’s increase (calves, and their calves once they can reproduce) are to be used for Edward Gouldman’s education.

Until 2019, I believed that Edward Keeling was probably related to the Keelings of Princess Anne, Virginia. I found Keeling males from the Princess Anne (now Virginia Beach) Keeling line and yDNA tested them: we are not compatible. They are yDNA haplogroup J-M267 (J-BY56688). Our Goldens are R-U106 DF98+.

Was Edward Keeling related to the Princess Anne Keelings? I do not know. Edward’s history before becoming a close associate of Thomas Gouldman is unknown. They could be family and we just do not know how.

~~~ Some genealogies claim that Old Rappahannock’s Edward Keeling was a son of Thomas Keeling of Princess Anne. Not so. Thomas’ widow Anne Thorowgood Keeling Bray gave a 1683 deposition in which she noted that her son Edward had passed away some years ago. In preparation of her own LWT document of March 1683, Ann Bray notes that sons Edward and Thomas Keeling are “some years since deceased” … yet Edward Keeling associated with the Gouldman family did not pass away until 1687. [6]Norfolk County Probate, Norfolk Co., D & W 4 1675-1686, p. 160 a. 18 Mar 1683. Edward Keeling married to Mary Wariner lived until 1687, five years after Anne Bray‘s 1683 deposition.

Have collected ‘arrivals’ of other Keelings. One was a George Keeling who arrived in Maryland in 1635. That arrival would be just across the waterway, the Potomac River, from Old Rappahannock County, Virginia.

Keeling Lines of  Interest

Below are some Keeling lines which have patrilineal DNA matches with myself and/or other Goldens in my larger family.

PNC = Parents Not Confirmed

++ Barbara Gertude Keeling, 1892–1985, born at Mountain Home, Baxter County, Arkansas, and passed away at Ada, Pontotoc County, Oklahoma. Her DNA-tested descendant is a 5th – 8th Cousin (Paternal side). Her Keeling ancestor begins with father Abner Barton “Abb” Keeling (1859–1907), Thomas Abner Jefferson Keeling (1831–1867), Larkin E Keeling (PNC) (1806–1860) … and assuming that various genealogies are correct, next: Thomas Keeling (1775–1840). The various Keeling trees are chaotic from this point going into the past. Some trees claim that Thomas Keeling‘s parents are Benjamin Keeling (1740–1799) and Elizabeth Catherine Whiteman (1740–1793) — most trees have their Thomas listed as living 1773-1851. All trees for any kinship with either Thomas Keeling are unsourced.

++ Willie D ‘W.D.’ Keeling (1934–2020) … see Ancestry.

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©2023 William Golden, Norfolk1956@gmail.com // Material may be shared without requesting permission and with appropriate attribution: A Probable History of the Golden Family of Newberry, South Carolina Since 1761, by William Golden

References

References
1 Footnote needed
2 http://scaledinnovation.com/gg/snpTracker.html
3 Kits: 206300, 578207, and 924950.
4 Kit 978270 R-BY112354 Y700
5 1677-1678 Old Rappahannock County, Virginia Deed & Will Book 6, Part 1; [Antient Press]; Page 121-122: … WHEREAS Ralph Warriner dyed possessed of a small tract of land about Two hundred Seventy Six acres of land wch land according to the Will of Ralph Warriner decest was given unto Thomas Gouldman & Mary Warriner, the Daughter of the said Ralph Warriner who married Mr. Edward Keeling by wch meanes the one halfe of the said land properly belonging to Mr. Edward Keeling who hath accepted & taken that halfe lying on the River side, And I doe condicend that the said Thomas Gouldman shall have hold occupie & enjoy for ever the other halfe next adjoyning to the MILL CREEK, to the proper use & behoofe of him the said Thomas Gouldman his heires and assignes forever wthout any molestation of me the said Edward Keeling my heires & Executors Excepting necessary Timber for me the said Edward Keelings use; And I the said Edward Keeling doth hereby for my selfe my heires for ever quit claime to the said moyetie of land being One hundred thirty & eight acres and for Confirmation hereof I hereunto set my hand & Seale the 27th of February 1676 … Henry Awbery Edward Keeling Henry Phillips
6 Norfolk County Probate, Norfolk Co., D & W 4 1675-1686, p. 160 a. 18 Mar 1683. Edward Keeling married to Mary Wariner lived until 1687, five years after Anne Bray‘s 1683 deposition.
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