Thomas W. Golden, born about 1775 South Carolina

Table of Contents

A Probable History of the Golden Family
of Newberry, South Carolina Since 1761

Updated 2022.04.08

Golden Genealogy and Family History

 

  • Parents: Thomas or William Golden presumed to be father.
  • DNA Tested? Yes, a male descendant has been yDNA tested and is a match to other male descendants of Thomas and William Golden.
  • Birth: 1775–1781, Ninety Six District, South Carolina. This was probably in the Newberry area.
  • Death: Dec 1839, Fern Springs, Winston County, Mississippi, USA
  • Spouse:
    ~~~ Name Unknown,  1775–1810.
    Children:
    ~~~ Yes, will be added.

~~~ Martha R. Roxanna, ???? –1848
Children:
~~~ Yes, will be added.

  • Military: No known service.
  • Working Notes: Yes. Notes are private from public view.

 

TIMELINE

1790: Not found listed by name. Have not analyzed age and gender of males in other Golden households to determine if Thomas W. Golden was possibly present. Birth year is given as 1775-1781. Would have been age 9-15 in 1790.

1800: Thomas Golden listed as age 16-25 (1775-1784), with a female age 16-25 in the household, and male under age 10 (this would be son Robert Philander Golden 1790–1849). Edgefield, South Carolina. Surname is ‘Goulden’ in the census. [1] 1800; Census Place: Edgefield, South Carolina; Series: M32; Roll: 47; Page: 178; Image: 345; Family History Library Film: 181422 Lived three homesteads over from Aaron Etheridge, a cousin. Lives not far from William Cotney, neighbor to ‘Samuel Gilden‘, who may be Samuel Golden. William and Nellie’s daughter Margaret Frances Golden married into the Cotneys. Son or brother Samuel Golden is of age to be in the 1800 census but is missing.

William Cotney Samuel Golden

 

1805 Feb 29th: Thomas Golden residing at Beaver Dam Creek, Saluda, South Carolina. Is witness to a land transaction for Sarah Edwards to Benjamin Forkner, Deed, $100, sixty seven acres lying on from Thomas Golden’s Spring Branch binding on Joel Etheridge’s land and William Golden. Wit William Calney [probably Cotney], Thomas Harris. /s/ Sarah (x) Edwards. [2]Must find source reference.

—— This 1805 land transaction is the only known documentary reference that  ties very together Thomas Golden with William Golden all living together … with Etheridges nearby … as well as Cotneys, one of whom would marry a daughter of William Golden. Thomas Sr probably passed away in 1790s, after 1792. There is a 1792 land transaction between Thomas and the Milhouse family. [3]Footnote needed. Appears to have been a landlease.

1806: Per genealogies, birth of Thomas’ son Thomas Golden Jr, in South Carolina. Passed away after 1880 (age 74 in census) at De Soto Parish, Louisiana, USA [4]1880; Census Place: 4th Ward, De Soto, Louisiana; Roll: 452; Family History Film: 1254452; Page: 292A; Enumeration District: 025; Image: 0446

1810: No record of a Thomas Golden or Golding in either Mississippi or South Carolina. Need to check Alabama but no relevant records jump out.

1816: a Thomas Golden is shown on a local census as living at Amite County, Mississippi. [5]Mississippi, U.S., State and Territorial Census Collection, 1792-1866 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data:Mississippi State and Territorial Censuses, … Continue reading

1819: Thomas Golden‘s daughter Elizabeth Golden recorded as born in Mississippi.

1820: A Thomas Golden and neighboring Goldens listed as living in Newberry, but these are Goldings. [6]Newberry, Newberry, South Carolina; census taken 7 Aug  1820. in the household: Male, age 26 thru 44 (1776+); Two females, under 10; Female, age 16 thru 25. Female slave under age 14.  1820 U S … Continue reading

1830: No record of a Thomas Golden or Golding in either Mississippi or South Carolina. Need to check Alabama but no relevant records jump out. There is an 1830 census for a Thomas Golden in Newberry, South Carolina but this correlates to a Thomas Golding family.

1837: Thomas Golden listed living Winston, Mississippi [7]1837, Mississippi, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1805-1890; Mississippi, State and Territorial Census Collection, 1792-1866.

1839 Dec: Thomas Golden listed in genealogies as passing away at Fern Springs, Winston County, Mississippi, USA

1840: 

1841 Feb 27th: Thomas Golden receives Land Patent, Winston, Mississippi. This would probably be Thomas Golden Jr: born 1806,  South Carolina, and passed away at some time after  1880 at De Soto Parish, Louisiana. [8]County: Winston, Source Information Ancestry.com. U.S., General Land Office Records, 1776-2015 (database on-line). Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008. Original data: United States. … Continue reading

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There is an 1805 land transfer legal record linking Thomas W. Golden (between 1775/1781-1839) to Thomas Golden of 1761 and William Golden c1750-1809 at Newberry, SC.  Thomas’ male descendants have been yDNA tested and are from our direct Golden line.

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Gouldman Connections

Golden-Gouldman-Brister DNA Connections — A Virginia Gouldman family member has a DNA match with a Thomas W. Golden (c1775 SC – 1839 MS) descendant. Thomas was son or grandson of William Golden (c1750 VA/SC-1809 SC) and Thomas Golden (Goulden bef.1730 VA? – aft.1792 Newberry, SC).
~
The Brister line also descends [9]See private working notes for more info on this DNA match. from the James Noel family (1680-1741). The Noels were neighbors of the Gouldman family, and at least one Gouldman married with a Noel: Daniel Noel 1700-1770 married Elizabeth Gouldman c1702-aft.1744.
~
MYSTERY GOULDMAN: The parents of Elizabeth Gouldman (c1702-1744) are listed as Francis Gouldman 1682–aft 1702 and an Elizabeth LNU 16/17??–1723 … it is unknown how they fit in the Gouldman tree. There was a Francis Gouldman c1658/1667-1716 married to Mary Meador, Dorothy Awbrey and Martha Tomlin — none named Elizabeth. An unexplained Noel-Gouldman marriage was recorded in the Winston and Allied Family History of 1927, but that was an Elizabeth Noel with __?__ Gouldman. The Winston author noted that the first name of the Gouldman was unknown.
~
This is an atDNA match which means that the person matching has DNA from a third person that Golden and Gouldman have in common. The Golden DNA connection can be explained: Brister family is a known direct descendant. There are no known kin to the Gouldman family within this genealogy. One possibility is that the Gouldman DNA match is present because Goldens carry Gouldman DNA.

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Errors

~~~ An April 6, 2022 version of this page incorrectly discussed 1830 data for this family. Info corrected on 8 Apr 2022.
~~~
There is not an 1830 census for the Thomas W. Golden family. The 1830 census shown on most genealogies is for a Thomas Golding family in the Newberry, South Carolina area that was listed as ‘Golden’.  
… In discussing Martha R. Roxanna and whether she was of age to be mother to daughter Elizabeth, the following incorrect statement was made:  … In 1830, there was a female age 15-19 in the household. Daughter Elizabeth Golden was age 11 (c1819) in 1830. All known children born before 1825. If the 1830 age 15-19 female was Martha then she would have been just age 4-8 when daughter Elizabeth born (1811-1815).

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©2022 William Golden, Norfolk1956@gmail.com // Material may be shared without requesting permission and with appropriate attribution: A Probable History of the Golden Family of Newberry, South Carolina Since 1761, by William Golden ©2022

References

References
1 1800; Census Place: Edgefield, South Carolina; Series: M32; Roll: 47; Page: 178; Image: 345; Family History Library Film: 181422
2 Must find source reference.
3 Footnote needed. Appears to have been a landlease.
4 1880; Census Place: 4th Ward, De Soto, Louisiana; Roll: 452; Family History Film: 1254452; Page: 292A; Enumeration District: 025; Image: 0446
5 Mississippi, U.S., State and Territorial Census Collection, 1792-1866 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data:Mississippi State and Territorial Censuses, 1792-1866. Microfilm V229. 3 rolls. Heritage Quest.Original record viewable on Ancestry at https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/1125/images/v229_1-0167?pId=6276 … A hardcopy is also in my Ancestry record for Thomas W. Golden.
6 Newberry, Newberry, South Carolina; census taken 7 Aug  1820. in the household: Male, age 26 thru 44 (1776+); Two females, under 10; Female, age 16 thru 25. Female slave under age 14.  1820 U S Census; Census Place: Newberry, Newberry, South Carolina; Page: 127; NARA Roll: M33_120; Image: 189 … These Goldens are GOLDINGS: — Living one household away from Thomas Golden was a Robert Golden Sr, Robert Golden Jr, Jno (Jonathan) Golden Jr., and Elisha Golden. Nearby within 5-6 households was Jeremiah Morgan, Jno (Jonathan) Moore, and probably Peter Moore (last name difficult to read). … Jeremiah Morgan has a genealogy and came out of Virginia; would not appear to be one of our Morgans. Need to investigate the Moores. 
7 1837, Mississippi, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1805-1890; Mississippi, State and Territorial Census Collection, 1792-1866.
8 County: Winston, Source Information Ancestry.com. U.S., General Land Office Records, 1776-2015 (database on-line). Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008. Original data: United States. Bureau of Land Management, General Land Office Records. Automated Records Project; Federal Land Patents, State Volumes. http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/. Springfield, Virginia: Bureau of Land Management, Eastern States, 2007.
9 See private working notes for more info on this DNA match.
I