Isaac Golden, born about 1784 South Carolina

Table of Contents

A Probable History of the Golden Family
of Newberry, South Carolina Since 1761


Updated 2023.01.29B

Golden Genealogy and Family History

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ParentsWilliam Golden presumed to be father, and 1810 census suggests ‘Nellie’ or ‘Nelly’ Golden as mother. Nellie may have been an aunt, and sister to William Golden.

DNA Tested? Yes, a male descendant is yDNA tested and is a match to other male descendants of Thomas and William Golden. [1]YDNA belongs to a male descendant of this line:  William Henry Harrison Golden (1889-1938) < Iverson Camine Golden (1861-1946) < Vincent Quillion Quintillion (Q.T.) Golden (1828-1919) < … Continue reading

Birth: c1784-1786, Beaverdam Creek, Helena, Newberry, South Carolina. 1810 Census: age is 16+ so 1784 or before. 1850 Census: gives birth year as 1785. 1860 Census: gives birth year as 1786. [2]There are no records referring to where Isaac Golden was born. Early records of any kind are census records (1810 earliest) and indicate ‘Pendleton, South Carolina’. This refers to … Continue reading

Death: after 14 Jun 1860, probably at home, Bloodworth District, Wilkinson, Georgia.

Spouse: Ruth Sheehan, c1774, South Carolina. Parents unknown. Death: after 14 Jun 1860, probably at home, Bloodworth District, Wilkinson, Georgia. Some genealogies indicate that Isaac and Ruth married about 1802 — there is no record for this. The 1802 date was probably chosen by a family historian to explain the pre-1810 claimed births of some Golden children. 

? Did Isaac Golden have a wife before Ruth? Quite possibly yes. Depending upon the genealogy, Isaac has children born between 1804-1812 and then there is a later round of at least four children born between 1828-1835. It is not uncommon for a child to be born late in a marriage. It is much less common for there to be no children born for 14 years and then suddenly four more come along every 2-3 years. This latter group of children born to Isaac and Ruth may indicate that Ruth Sheehan was a second wife to Isaac.

Children:
~~~ Yes, will be added.

Military: … There is no known military service, although some genealogies claim War of 1812 service. Our Isaac Golden was living in South Carolina in 1812 and 1813, having just acquired new land in Anderson, SC during summer of 1812. An Isaac Golden did serve in the War of 1812 in the Georgia Militia with Captain John Broadnax (aka Capt. J. H. Broadnase) militia detachment. [3]Broadnax’s detachment was incorporated into the 1st Regiment, Georgia Militia under Brigadier General Jephtha Vining Harris. Harris entered military served in 1812, and served until 1845. Came … Continue reading

? Could Isaac Golden of South Carolina have decided to join the Georgia Militia? Sure. Anderson, South Carolina was to the north and within 75 miles of the three counties making up the 1st Militia Brigade, Georgia (Elbert, Lincoln and Wilkes counties). What would have been his incentive? He had a wife with a newborn and small children at home. There was no promise of any reward or financial incentive for him to cross into Georgia and join the militia. It would be some years before War of 1812 service was recognized.

In 1820 and 1821, Georgia opened up a Land Grant Lottery for those that served AND WERE Georgia residents since 1803 — this residency requirement would have excluded our Isaac Golden, b1784. [4]SUMMARY OF GEORGIA LAND GRANT AND LAND LOTTERY RECORDS, by Robert S. Davis, Wallace State College, Hanceville, Alabama, 2017. 

An Isaac Golden did win a lottery for a grant of land. The age for that Isaac Golden indicates that he was over age 45 in 1820, and our Isaac was barely 35 when the land grant was awarded. [5]1820 Census for Baldwin, Georgia where both husband and presumed wife are age 45+ … 1820 U S Census; Census Place: Baldwin, Georgia; Page: 24; NARA Roll: M33_6; Image: 26

Working Notes: Yes, but not yet organized online.

TIMELINE

1780: 

~~~ There appear to be two Isaac Goldens of the same approximate age living in the same general region of Georgia and Pendleton District of South Carolina. One may be Isaac Golding, a son of Richard Golding (1744-1788) and Susanna Wilmoth (1744 VA – 1837 SC) who lived in the Abbeville and Laurens area, South Carolina. [6]Some of their children actually lived just a few miles away from our Goldens. These Goldings are often identified in documents as Goldens (see 1830, 1840 census for Newberry, South Carolina. Richard … Continue reading

1790: 

~~~ Would have been six (6) years old. Our Golden families are not known to be in any 1790 census record, although other legal records indicate that they lived in the Newberry, South Carolina area.

1800: 

~~~ Isaac Golden would have been approximately age 16 in 1800. Since the census divided children by ages 10-15 and 16-25, he could be either age 15 or 16 since the census usually occured during summer. There is a single male age 10-15 in the William Goulden (Golden) household in Edgefield District. There is also a single male age 1-10 years old; brother Abraham Golden was born c1790. [7]1800; Census Place: Edgefield, South Carolina; Series: M32; Roll: 47; Page: 177; Image: 343; Family History Library Film: 181422 No specific locations are given in this census as to approximately where a family lived. The census is named and collected information for ‘Second Census, 1800, Population, S.C., Edgefield’ … the census was for the entire district which included numerous modern counties formerly associated with the older Ninety Six District, and included Newberry County [8]See 1794 map of South Carolina which draws boundary lines for Edgefield equating to prior Ninety Six District lines: View Map

1810: 

~~~ 1810 Aug 6th: … Isaac Golden living at Pendleton, South Carolina and entered into the 1810 census. There are five members in the household. 1x male under age 10, x1 male age 16-25, x1 female under age 10, 1x female age 10-15, and one female age 26-44 (should be wife Ruth Sheehan, who was 10 years senior in age).

~~~ 1812, War of 1812: An Isaac Golden served in the War of 1812, with service in the company of Capt John Broadnax (Brodnax),  2nd Georgia Militia Regiment. This is probably not our Isaac Golden. as he was living in Anderson County, South Carolina during 1812-1813, having newly purchased land there in summer of 1812.[9] Fold3.com, Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served During the War of 1812 1812 … and … USGenWeb page: http://sites.rootsweb.com/~gataylor/regim.htm

~~~~~~ Our Isaac Golden was in South Carolina, preparing to move his family to the Anderson, Anderson County area. See land plat survey of 13 Aug 1812 below.

~~~ 1812 Aug 13th:  Probably still living in the Newberry, South Carolina area. Isaac Golden, has a land survey of 165 acres on Beaverdam Creek, Pendleton District, surveyed by Robert McCann. This is actually a different Beaverdam Creek than the one he grew up on. The land survey is at the fork of Beaverdam Creek and Stony River, which is near to modern Anderson, South Carolina. [10]Source: South Carolina Archives, Beaver Dam Creek; Pendleton District; Rocky River … Date: 6/17/1813 Series: State Plat Books (Columbia Series) (S213192) Document Type: Plat Images: Available … Continue reading

~~~ 1813 Jun 17th:  Anderson, South Carolina — Isaac Golden, Land Plat finalized and filed for 165 acres on Beaverdam Creek, Pendleton District, surveyed by Robert McCann. [11]Source: South Carolina Archives, Beaver Dam Creek; Pendleton District; Rocky River … Date: 6/17/1813 Series: State Plat Books (Columbia Series) (S213192) Document Type: Plat Images: Available … Continue reading

Isaac Golden Land Plat 165 acres survey 1812 0813 - at Beaverdam and Rocky River intersection Pendleton District

1820: 

~~~ 1820 Aug 7th: An Isaac Golden living at Baldwin, Georgia in 1820 census. There are two males under age 10; a female age 10-15; and two adults age 45 or older.  … Our Isaac and Ruth Sheehan Golden did have two sons under 10 (Lewis and William Harvey Golden), but there is no claimed daughter that would have been 10-15 or close to that. Also, Isaac Golden would have been approximately 35 years of age, and Ruth Sheehan was borderline on 45. Ruth is consistently 9-10 years older than Isaac in census records.[12]1820 U S Census; Census Place: Baldwin, Georgia; Page: 24; NARA Roll: M33_6; Image: 26

1830: 

~~~ No 1830 census record for an Isaac Golden family.

1840:

~~~ 1840 census: … living in District 328, Wilkinson, Georgia.

1850: 

~~~ 1850 census: … Isaac Golden living in Division 93, Wilkinson, Georgia. Wife is named: Ruth, age 76, Isaac is 65, and there are three children in the family: Vincent I(verson) age 21, William W age

1860:

~~~ 1860 Jun 14th: Both Isaac and Ruth Golden living at Bloodworth District, Wilkinson, Georgia, 1860 census. [13]1860; Census Place: Bloodworth, Wilkinson, Georgia; Roll: M653_141; Page: 891; Image: 379; Family History Library Film: 803141

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Under Review: There are no records linking Isaac Golden (c1784-after 1860) to William Golden c1750-1809 at Newberry, SC.

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©2023 William Golden, Norfolk1956@gmail.com // Material may be shared without requesting permission and with appropriate attribution: A Probable History of the Golden Family of Newberry, South Carolina Since 1761, by William Golden

References

References
1 YDNA belongs to a male descendant of this line:  William Henry Harrison Golden (1889-1938) < Iverson Camine Golden (1861-1946) < Vincent Quillion Quintillion (Q.T.) Golden (1828-1919) < Isaac Golden (1784-1860).
2 There are no records referring to where Isaac Golden was born. Early records of any kind are census records (1810 earliest) and indicate ‘Pendleton, South Carolina’. This refers to Pendleton District which subdivided into Anderson, Pickens and Oconee counties. However, in 1784 both Thomas and William Golden, probable grandfather and father, were living on Beaverdam Creek in Edgefield District — their land sits on what is today Beaverdam Creek, Helena, Newberry, South Carolina. 
3 Broadnax’s detachment was incorporated into the 1st Regiment, Georgia Militia under Brigadier General Jephtha Vining Harris. Harris entered military served in 1812, and served until 1845. Came from a prominent Georgia family. Entered service as a general officer. His first but not last assignment was as commander of  1st Brigade, 4th Division, Georgia Militia, with responsibility for Wilkes, Lincoln, and Elbert counties.
4 SUMMARY OF GEORGIA LAND GRANT AND LAND LOTTERY RECORDS, by Robert S. Davis, Wallace State College, Hanceville, Alabama, 2017. 
5 1820 Census for Baldwin, Georgia where both husband and presumed wife are age 45+ … 1820 U S Census; Census Place: Baldwin, Georgia; Page: 24; NARA Roll: M33_6; Image: 26
6 Some of their children actually lived just a few miles away from our Goldens. These Goldings are often identified in documents as Goldens (see 1830, 1840 census for Newberry, South Carolina. Richard and Susanna Golding‘s son Isaac Golding (Golden) was born c1776 and is probably the Isaac Golden living at Baldwin, Georgia in the 1820 census — that Isaac was age 45+ (c1775), whereas our Isaac was age c35. Most Golding genealogies give only Isaac Golding’s birth year and offer no more information. … There are some genealogies that claim Isaac Golding married Jane Castele (1788–) and lived life out in Ruddell , Independence, Arkansas. That could be, but they did not marry until 2 Aug 1838 at Ruddell , Independence, Arkansas.
7 1800; Census Place: Edgefield, South Carolina; Series: M32; Roll: 47; Page: 177; Image: 343; Family History Library Film: 181422
8 See 1794 map of South Carolina which draws boundary lines for Edgefield equating to prior Ninety Six District lines: View Map
9 Fold3.com, Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served During the War of 1812 1812 … and … USGenWeb page: http://sites.rootsweb.com/~gataylor/regim.htm
10, 11 Source: South Carolina Archives, Beaver Dam Creek; Pendleton District; Rocky River … Date: 6/17/1813 Series: State Plat Books (Columbia Series) (S213192) Document Type: Plat Images: Available at SCDAH building or by order. https://www.archivesindex.sc.gov/
12 1820 U S Census; Census Place: Baldwin, Georgia; Page: 24; NARA Roll: M33_6; Image: 26
13 1860; Census Place: Bloodworth, Wilkinson, Georgia; Roll: M653_141; Page: 891; Image: 379; Family History Library Film: 803141
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