James Golding – sent to jail at Williamsburg for counterfeiting money, 1767

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James Golding (Goulding) of Loudoun County, Virginia was commited to jail in Williamsburg for ‘passing bad money’ (counterfeiting) on November 12th, 1767. (1)

Golding - James - 1797
Virginia Gazette, November 12, 1767 edition, page 2, Williamsburg. BTW, there are some folks that have mail waiting — please come pick it up.

James’ trial would follow a month later in December 1767 within the Court of Oyez and Terminez (sic, s/b Court of Oyer and Terminer) at Williamsburg. One of the witnesses against him would be Mary Combs, also of Loudoun County, as a witness for the King against James Golding. Mary would later seek legislative assistance in 1772 to get her per diem fee for traveling from Loudoun to Williamsburg as a winess. (2) Red tape and lost receipts seem to be a normal human condition.

Note: James’ trial within The Court of Oyer and Terminer was indicative that a felony had been committed. Felonies were considered state crimes and went before a single court within Virginia, regardless of where the crime had been committed within the colony.

James Golding would later sue the estate of Richard Combs, husband of Mary Combs for ‘trespass, assault and battery’ in May 1772.  Richard Combs was dead at this time so the suit abated (was terminated). (2)

Presence of Golding Family in Loudoun County, Virginia

Settling of the Loudoun area began between 1725 and 1730.

1763 – James Goulding sued for ‘nonperformance’. Lost case and fined plus required to pay plaintiff’s costs. (4)

11 August 1763, Loudoun County, Virginia, Order Book B, page 205
Andrew Adam Merch’t against James Goulding – in case – jury: William Whitely, Benjamin Hough, Jacob Shilling, Thomas Watson, Henry Heryford, Andrew Hatfield, John Davis, Thomas Beavers, Henry Oxley, William Woolard, Ezekiel Hickman and Timothy Howell; find the Defendant did assume upon himself in manner and form as the Plaintiff declared and assess Plaintiff’s damages by occasion of the Defendant’s nonperformance of that assumption to 5.0.6 pounds besides costs

1775 – While the type of shop is unknown, a Golding’s shop was mentioned as being one of the way points when a road improvement was made in Loudoun County. (3)

11 September 1775, Loudoun Order Book F, p. 565
A report for opening a Road from William Cottons to Cox’s Mill was returned by the Viewers as follows “To leave the Carolina road near Goldings Shop, thence running back of the House of Cornelius Holdren, thence following the lane on back of said Holdren’s House to corner of a stubble Field thence with a straight course to the corner of Joseph Moxleys Field into the Old Road thence following the old Road through Amos Dunham’s Field in the upper Tract, from thence following sd tract to the Road leading to the said Saml Cox’s Mill.” Ordered that a road be cleared agreeable to this report, and that William Cotton Junior be appointed Surveyor to open and keep the same in lawful repair. Simon Triplett Gent. is appointed to allot the Hands to work thereon.


(1) November 12th 1767 commitment to Gaol (jail) at Williamsburg, Virginia Gazette

(2) Mary Combs as witness against James Goulding, Early Loudoun County, Virginia History 

(3) Historic Roads of Virginia, Loudoun County Road Orders, 1756-1783, by Patricia B. Duncan, Transportation History Consultant and Ann Brush Miller, Senior Research Scientist. The Combs family makes numerous appearances within this publication, with the ‘Widow Combs’ appearing several times from 1775 onward.

(4) Henry Oxley and Mary Everitt family of Hopewell, Mercer (formerly Hunterdon) County, New Jersey and Loudoun County, Virginia.

You are welcome to add to or to correct this story by contacting: Bill Golden, Norfolk1956@gmail.com

BTW – I look forward to sharing your stories, photos and in-search-of quests. Contact me at the email address above.