Rev War / Loyalists in the Southern Campaign 1780-1782

Rev War ServicePer Wikipedia:

The British “southern strategy” commenced in late 1778 with the capture of Savannah, Georgia, which was followed in 1780 by operations in South Carolina that included the defeat of two Continental Armies at Charleston and Camden. General Nathanael Greene, who took over as Continental Army commander after Camden, engaged in a strategy of avoidance and attrition against the British.

It just so happens that ggggrandpa Golden was named Nathaniel Greene (born about 1775-80) and so was his oldest son (born 1812). ?Any clues as to the father of Nathaniel Greene Golden Sr? … or which side he favored?

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Upper and western South Carolina were strongly loyalist areas. Revolutionary militia were however very active in these areas throughout the entire war. Pickens County is named after Col. Pickens, a fierce militia leader. In 1782,  he discovered and hung 6 loyalists near present-day Nelson, South Carolina.

Known Loyalists:

Reference to the Ninety Six Brigade has nothing to do with the Ninety-Sixth (Judicial) District which became the Pendleton District which became Anderson, Oconee and Pickens counties. The Ninety Six Brigade was a Loyalist Brigade formed at the town and fort of Ninety Six, South Carolina, which is to the east of Abbeville.

Golden, Anthony — Rank Private … Per Pay Abstract Nr __, Major Patrick Cunningham’s Regiment, Little River Militia, Ninety Six Brigade, Captain William Hendrick’s Company, men who marched to Orangburgh, SC, with Lieut Colonel John H. Cruger, 183-days pay, 14 Jun-13 Dec 1780.

Golden, Richard — Rank Private … Per Pay Abstract Nr 61, Colonel John Cotton’s Regiment, Stevenson’s Creek Militia, Ninety Six Brigade, Captain Thomas Buckum’s Company, Soldier’s Certification, for those who came to Orangeburgh with Lieut Colonel John H. Cruger at the evacuation of Ninety Six, six-months pay, 13 Jun-14 Dec 1780 (Abs Nr 4 in books of Captain John Cunningham, late Pay Master, and was in part paid by him)

Golden, William — Rank Private, Ninety Six Brigade, Captain Vachel Clary’s Company of men who came to Orangeburgh with Lieut Colonel John H. Cruger, 183-days pay, 14 Jun-13 Dec 1780.

Golding, Pearce — Described as a ‘Distressed Refugee’ among a list of Distressed Refugees from different districts in Sept 1782. See also: Pierce Golden and Pierce Goulden.

Goulden, Pierce — Rank Private. Per Pay Abstract Nr 153, Colonel James Cary’s Regiment, Camden Militia, Charlestown, SC, six-months pay, 14 Jul 1780 to 13 Jan 1781, to be paid 16 Sept 1782. See also Pearce Golding and Pierce Golden.

 

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