William Golding, 1750-1835, Revolutionary War Soldier, Virginia

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William Golding
— Birth April 1750 (60?)  in (Scotland) Virginia
—– ISSUE: There are problems with his birth year. In his 1833 pension application he claims to be turning 74 years old, which would mean that he was born c1760. However his first son Vincent was supposedly born in 1770 and his second son Warren was born in 1771. Some family histories claim that William Golding was born in 1750, which would be more appropriate for the birth years of his children. However this would mean that in 1833 that he was 84 instead of 74.
— Death Sep 6, 1835 in Boone, Kentucky.

Wife: Peggy
— Birth in Scotland, Virginia
—– ISSUE: Some family histories claim that Peggy was born in 1731. She would have been almost 40 when her first child was born (1770), and she would have been 20-30 years older than her husband, William.
— Death 1781 in Boone, Kentucky.

Residence and Migration

1770 – Fauquier County, Virginia. First son Vincent born here.
1771 – Frederick (Shenandoah) County, Virginia. Second son Warren born here. A number of family histories report Warren as born at Shanadon County. It appears that Shanadon was a common misspelling of Shenandoah at the time. However, Shenandoah County was not formed until 1773 from part of Frederick County, which was adjacent to Fauquier County and to Loudoun County — since this family bounces back and forth as to which county they lived/their children were born in then it is very possible that they lived at the boundary of all three.
1773 – Fauquier County, Virginia. Third son (George) Thornton Golding born.
1775, July – Loudoun County, William was living with his family at Loudoun County, Virginia.
1777, Aug – William moved his family to Brownsville, Fayette, Pennsylvania.
1781 – William moved with his family to Boone Co., Kentucky at some time before 1781.

William and Peggy had five sons:

  • Vincent Golding (1770 – 1830)
  • Warren Golding (1771 – 1846)
  • (George) Thornton Golding (Golden) (1773 – 1855) — this line is well documented through the current generation (2013), with descendants scattered across the USA.
  • Joseph Golding (1774 – 1834)
  • Enoch Golding (1775 – 1870)

Military Service

The following is an overview of William Golding’s Revolutionary War military service per his 1833 application for a pension.

Golding, William S.31069
2 Sept. 1833. Boone County, KY. William Golding of said county, aged 74 next April, declares in July 1775 in Loudoun Co., Va, where he then resided, he joined a company of militia as a private volunteer, commanded by Capt. Samuel Cox, and served one month. He was marched to Alexandria about the time Lord Dunmore was lying off against Virginia in the Roebuck.

After his return, in the summer of 1776, he volunteered as a private militia man and joined the company of Capt. Radican for twelve months to march against the Indians towards the western and northwestern part of the country and was marched to the Ohio River at Fort Pitt and went down the river to Fort Henry (now Wheeling) and continued in that part of the country in guarding it against the Indians and keeping Fort Shepherd at the forks of Wheeling Creek for nine months, apart of which time he was under Gen. Hand and part under Col. Shepherd at Fort Shepherd. Capt. Radican did not continue. He left them. The first lieutenant, Thos. Cavins, took the command.

After the expiration of the term of service he continued on the waters of the Ohio and went to live in what was then called the Redstone country near Brownsville, Pennsylvania, where in August 1777 he again joined a company of Capt. Isaac Pierce as a volunteer private militia man to serve a campaign (against) the Indians and was marched to the mouth of Big Beaver, thence to Tuscarawas on the waters of the Muskingum, and served four months against the Delaware and Shawnee Indians under Gen. McIntosh, Colonels Crawford and Stephenson. Col. Givson and Broadhead were with them also. During the campaign they built Forts McInstosh and Lawrence and made a treaty with the Indians at Pittsburgh.

At the close of this service and before he got home, in the latter part of Dec. 1777 at Fort McIntosh below Pittsburgh he took the place of Joseph Fuller, a regular soldier, who was an old and particular acquaintance and friend in order to give Fuller a chance to go and see his friends in Virginia and he was received as a substitute for Fuller until he returned. Fuller did not return and he had to serve out Fuller’s time until 30 June, 1779. He was principally engaged in boating provisions, etc., from Red Stone old fort to Pittsburgh and Fort McIntosh. After the eighteen months expired he was discharged at Fort McIntosh on 30 June 1779 and returned home.

In May 1782 he again as a private volunteer militia man joined a company commanded by Capt. Harrod and marched to Sandusky on a campaign against the Mingo tribe of Indians under Col. Crawford and Colonels Williamson and Gaddis were along, on which campaign Col. Crawford was defeated, taken prisoner and burnt. He was wounded. He returned home after having served one month or more.

William Golding of Boone co., Ky., private in the company of Capt. Coxe in the regiment of Col. Shepherd in the Virginia line two years, was placed on the Kentucky pension roll at $80 per annum under the Act of 1832. Certificate 25209 was issued 10 Dec. 1833.

You are welcome to add to or to correct this story by contacting: Bill Golden, Norfolk1956@gmail.com

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