William Golding opens an ‘Ordinary’ just a block from the County Courthouse in Orange, Virginia

Golding/Golden/Goulding et al Family History on Facebook


On Friday, August 2nd, I had another chance to go to Orange, Virginia … Orange is home of my 5th great grandfather, William Golding (1704-1782) and my grandmother Elizabeth Foster (1704-1775).

Visit Orange County Virginia
VisitOrangeVirginia.com

Historical Notes on Orange, Virginia

Newly discovered fact on this trip: my grandfather opened a tavern in his home in 1751. Taverns were more often called ‘an Ordinary’ rather than a ‘pub’ or ‘tavern’. An Ordinary served food and spirits but were not places of drink alone. Ordinaries had to routinely renew their county permits every few years and allowing drunkedness would or could prevent your permit from being renewed.

William Golding’s home was within walking distance from the first county courthouse.

Appearances within Orange county historical records

William’s son William M. Golding Jr also appears frequently in the records after William Sr moved to South Carolina.

There is an intermingling of William Goldings (father and son) in the historical records, so please keep in mind some dates:

There are various unique spellings and abbreviations below. Just a note that the view and viewers were spelled veiw and veiwers; I made no grammatical or spelling corrections. Also, it appears in the original records that a hyphen was used at the end of an entry, probably to indicate ‘end of entry/nothing follows’.

From the Virginia Department of Transportation historical files 1743-1749

26 January 1743, page 93

On the Petition of John Lucus for the Road from the Church to the Tombstone to be kept in repayr by the several persons hereafter named Vizt Tully Choice Wm McDonagh William Rhodes Hezekia Rhoades Timothy Crosthwait John Goss Wm. Goldin, Mrs Rucker. Wm. Bell Mrs. Hills Quarter Mr Zachary Taylor Mr Erasmus Taylor Saml Drake Mr. Jos Morton Mr. James Taylors Quarter Thoms Smith Major Frans Talliaferroís Qur where Hawkins lived John Fennele Mr. John Talliaferroeís Quarter Robt Bickers John Walker John Collins Jeremiah Dear & Becknall Alvasson Its therefore ordered by the Court that the sevl persons abovenamed do Clear and keep the sd Road in repair under the direction of the sd John Lucas Overseer thereof.

St Thomas Episcopal Church - Orange Virginia
Founded in 1740 but the current church was built in 1833. The church was razed to the ground at the end of the Revolutionary War by locals.

24 November 1749, page 142

Ordered That the Male labouring Tithables belonging to Joseph Morton Zachary Taylor Erasmus Taylor Peter Rucker William Golding John Goss William Sims & Moses Harris do work under Thomas Newman who is overseer of a Road in this County.

>>> Note: the Zachary Taylor referenced is a forbear of THE Zachary Taylor that would become president. The Taylors and Goldings were literally neighbors.

From the Virginia Department of Transportation historical files 1750-1800

29 November 1751, page 16
On the Petition of William Golding he is Allowed to keep an Ordinary at his house in this County for one Year from this time Giving Security whereupon he with Thomas Chew Gent and Joseph Rennolds his Securities entered into and Acknowledged their bond for his keeping the said Ordinary according to Law and it is ordered that the Clerk of the Court repair a Licence for him according –

30 November 1751, page 16

On the Petition of William Golding seting forth that as the Main Road now goes between his houses and the water that his family and Stock are obliged to make use of which renders his plantation very inconvenient &  praying that the said Road May be Turned the best way from below his houses Up to the Courthouse and Thereupon it is Ordered that Joseph Thomas Gent Eras Taylor Duncan Bohanon and George Taylor or any three of them veiw the said Way & make report thereof to the Next Court –

22 February 1753, page 22

On the Petition of William Golding he is Allowed to keep Ordinary at his house in this County for one Year from this time giving Security whereupon he with John Mallary & John Morgan his Securities entered into and Acknowledged their Bond for his keeping the said Ordinary according to Law & it is Ordered the Clk of this Court prepare a Licence for him accordingly-

26 April 1753, page 23

Robert Slaughter is Appointed Surveyor of the High Way in the Room of Battaile Harrison & that he with the Gang that was under the sd Battaile except the Widow Gordens & the sd Battaile Tiths. Clear & keep the same in Repair and that the said Slaughters, Widow Ruckers, Peter Ruckers and William Goldings Male Tiths. work in the Clearing of the said Road & be exempted from working on the Road below the Church –

25 April 1754, page 31

On the Petition of William Golding he is allowed to keep Ordinary at his house in this County for one Year from this time Giving Security Whereupon he with William Bell Gent & Ambrose Rucker his Securities Entered in to & Acknowledged their Bond for his keeping the said Ordinary according to Law & it is ordered that the Clerk of this Court prepare a Licence for him accordingly –

26 June 1755, page 40

On the Petition of the Revd. Mungo Marshall for a Road to be cleared from the Gleebe over Baylors Run into the Road that goís to Beverleys Mill the Most convenientest way for his going to the Upper Church it is Ordered that Peter Rucker William Golding Thomas Newman & Phil. Eastin or any three of them being first Sworn be fore some Justice for this County faithfully & impartially to veiw the same do go & veiw the said Intended Way & Make report to the Court of the Convenience & inconvenience attending the same –

25 March 1756, page 44

On the Petition of William Crawford for leave to clear away for Rolling Tobacco from the River opposite to his house into the Main Road in this County Ordered that Geo. Anderson William Golding & Larkin Gatewood who being first Sworn before Some Justice for this County do Veiw the said Intended way and make their report to Court according to Law –

23 April 1761, page 72

On the Petition of Thomas Walker in behalf of himself & upon inhabitants of this County to have the Dundee Road extended about a Mile & half up to the foot of Powells Mountain, it is Ordered that Wm. Scott John Taylor William Golding & Thomas Stanton or any three of them being first Sworn as the Law Directs Veiw the way the said Road is Intended to be cleared & make report to the Court of the Conveniences & inconveniences attending the same –

24 July 1761, page 75

William Scott Thos. Stanton & William Golding having veiwed the Way for the Dundee road to be extended up to the foot of Powells Mountain do report the same to be convenient therefore it is Ordered that the sd. Road do extend to the place aforesd. & be cleared as laid out by the Veiwers –

The following entries all refer to William M. Golding Jr. based upon the year of record.

23 December 1784, page 172

Wm. Golding Appointed Oversr. of the Road in the Room of Wm. Bell from Swift run Down to the Ch. Road also the fork of the Road that leads to the Barracks.

28 December 1786, page 177

On the Pet. of Wm. Golding to turn the road that leads by his house Ordered that Robert Sanford John Snell, James Earley & Nathin Mallory or any Three do Veiw the sd. Way & Make report to the Court of the Same Accordg. to Law.

25 January 1787, page 177

The Veiwers have made report of the Roads Petitioned for by Wm. Golding And find it to be a good Way the Same is Established he putg. the Same in Good repair.

23 April 1793, Page 173

Appointed on (as of?) October 26th in a List of the Overseers of Roads and Precints was William Golding from Swift run to Church road also the fork of Road that leads to the Barracks.

St Thomas Episcopal Church - Orange Virginia
Please note the entry for April 23rd, 1793: the road improvements run to the ‘church road’ but not to the church. The church had acted as a tax collector and as a supporter of English authority. There were several Anglican churches in the area BUT the citizens were so fed up with this church that they attacked and razed the church to the ground at the end of the Revolution. Even the flooring was supposedly torn out; there is a brick from the original floor on display. The marker in the upper righthand corner of the church’s facade shows that the church was founded in 1740 but built in 1833 … and now you know the rest of the story.

 

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