Massacre of Smith Family and Slaves, Long Cane, Abbeville SC, 1776

Golding / Golden / Goulding et al Family History on Facebook

Murder and Massacre of the Smith Family and Slaves at Long Cane, Abbeville, SC, 1 July 1776

>>> This is a story about murder … and murder of kin to our Golden family … and a story about following breadcrumbs that pull together various family lines to answer the question: Are we related?


On July 1st, 1776, Cherokees attacked the plantation of Captain Aaron Smith (1720-1776), killing him, his wife Elizabeth Ann Caraway (1726-1776), four children and five slaves.

One of the surving sons was Thomas Keeling Smith (1753-1827) … named after a long line of Thomas Keeling grandfathers from Lynhaven, Princess Anne, Virginia (modern Virginia Beach).

CANNONS — Capt Smith’s wife Elizabeth Ann Caraway was the daughter of John Carraway, 1700–1742, and Margaret Keeling, 1702–1742, both born at Princess Anne, Virginia. Husband John Carraway was the son of John Carraway, Sr., 1675–1719, and Mary Elizabeth Cannon, 1675–1719.

>>> We South Carolina Goldens descending from William Golden, c1750-1809, and Nellie Golden, c1755-aft 1812, have many Cannon cousins.

KEELINGSElizabeth Ann Caraway‘s mother Margaret Keeling was daughter of Thomas Keeling III, 1674–1714, and Elizabeth Carraway Lovett (Lovertt), 1678–1715, … and grand-niece of Edward Keeling (1640-1697), who was close friend/associate/cousin of Thomas Gouldman (1625-1684) and his son Edward Gouldman (1660-1710) of Caroline County, Virginia.

Long Cane Abbeville South Carolina Massacre

SURVIVOR / Storyteller of the Massacre: Two sons survived the attack. One was Thomas Keeling Smith, 1753-1827, … with three great-grandfathers named Thomas Keeling, and the other was Ezekial Smith (1742-1821).

Long Cane, Abbeville, SC


Via a DNA match, have now connected with a living descendant of Ezekial Smith from the Casey family.
>>> Why this matters: Although we are Goldens, and were Gouldens by 1720, and were probably Gouldman in the generation just prior, am fairly certain that we were Keelings about 1660, or of direct male Keeling descent.
Connecting with a living Keeling descendant allows us to backtrack through someone else’s timeline. We share an inherited ‘DNA fragment’ which is also shared by several other families. By backtracking the other families that inherited this same DNA fragment we can determine which Keeling belongs to us all.

You are welcome to add to or to correct this story by contacting: Bill Golden,

BTW – I look forward to sharing your stories, photos and in-search-of quests. Contact me at the email address above.

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