Richard Golden of County Tyrone, born c1746, what YDNA says

Richard Golden of County Tyrone, born c1746, YDNA says

Updated 2021.06.13 — NEWSFLASH!! BIG Y testing shows that the lines of Richard Golden, born c1746, and Mark Golden, born c1762, share a common father or grandfather. No name is known yet, so we will call him by his Terminal SNP name: Grandfather G-FTA59516 Golden … =^)

Born close to 1746, family lore says that Richard Golden came from County Tyrone, Ireland.
Richard Golden (c1746-1795 TN) was married to Mary Francis Lowe (c1750–1812).
— Some of his descendants begin their genealogy with a probable son of Richard: Stephen Golden (1766–1855) married to Susannah “Hanna” Helms (1781–1866). There is general consensus that Richard and Stephen were father and son, but there is not documentation of this, nor a possibly indicative naming of a grandson as ‘Richard’.
DNA indicates that Richard Golden probably never lived in County Tyrone, Ireland, or anywhere in Ireland itself. If his ancestral family did then it may be that his line lived there for only some few generations — certainly not long enough to leave discernible DNA evidence of being there.
Based upon names of early Golden family members associated with Richard Golden, it can be assumed that the family was anglicized from before his birth.

Note: It is most probable that Richard Golden was born in the upper Savannah River area. Georgia at this time consisted primarily of settlement only along the Savannah River (after 1732-1740s) from the village of Savannah up through Augusta and then onward to modern Wilkes County near to today’s intersection of South Carolina and Tennessee.

It is also possible that he was born in Virginia and migrated to the upper Savannah area, around what is today Wilkes and Lincoln counties. Settlement of Georgia did not begin in earnest until after 1732, but most settlement in the upper Savannah River region did not occur until the 1740s.

DNA-testing and other Golden genealogies indicate that he was related to Goldens born in America at least a generation before his birth.

There is no actual record of his origin or birth, and no matching Goldens have been found through yDNA-testing in Ireland. There are some DNA matches in the United Kingdom (UK).
G201 DNA Mapping
There are now thirteen (13) matching 37 marker Golden YDNA tests which are haplotype G-M201. Three of those have taken advanced yDNA testing, the BIG-Y test offered by FamilyTreeDNA.
>> One took the BIG Y500 test (GZ29424), and two took the BIG Y700 test AND MATCHED as G-FTA59516, an all new Terminal SNP
ALL of these 13 Goldens connect back to either Richard Golden (b c1746) or to Mark Golden (b c1762). Both Goldens have an origin in the Savannah River area of Georgia and South Carolina. There is a missing father or grandfather connecting the two Golden families, but their 37 marker YDNA differs by only a marker or two — indicating they share a common grandfather … and as of 13 Jun 2021 we know per BIG Y SNP testing that they are the same male line in search of a MRCA grandfather Golden.
yDNA Analysis of SNPs, pronounced ‘snips’
A SNP is a detectable, unique inheritable genetic mutation within DNA.
A ‘terminal SNP’ means that the most recent inheritable and identified male genetic mutation has matches with at least two males.
We give names to SNPs so we can track them. These names indicate where the mutation occurred within the mapped DNA trees
The SNPs identified among the four Goldens with advanced testing tells a story based upon their SNPs. These SNPs are G-L13, G-Z6764, and G-Z29424. Per the YFull SNP tree there are no matches yet in the United Kingdom although two testtakers identify England as their place of origin (these are probably American test participants).
G-L13 and G-Z6764 are much older lines with many branches associated with the settlement of western Europe, to include the UK.

The German Connection

One of the 13 matching Goldens has the terminal SNP of G-Z29424.

>>> Think of SNP names like ‘G-Z29424’ being the name of a male-line grandfather. He was. He existed. At sometime in the past, this direct-line grandfather developed a genetic mutation that has passed down to every direct male-to-male grandson.
G-Z29424 lived at some time between 2500-3500 years ago, and appears to have a central Germany origin. Anglo-Saxons did not come from central Germany — they came from what is modern Denmark and the coastal area just south of Denmark.
Central area Germans settling in the UK are not associated with the Anglo-Saxon settlement of England. 
However, it is possible that G-M201 Goldens preceded the Anglo-Saxons or came much later if they settled in Wales. Wales was never conquered by the Anglo-Saxons.
G-Z29424 was identified in late 2014 through BIG-Y testing. The highest concentration of G-Z29424 grandsons is in modern central Germany, extending from the Czech border then crossing Germany and moving into the Benelux countries, with some minor presence in England.

Wales as pre-American Homeland?

Wales dominates when it comes to having the highest concentration of G-M201 descendants in the UK and Ireland. G-M201’s of all varieties in Ireland, England or Scotland make up less than 1% of the entire male population except in Wales.
It may be more probable that the Golden family came from Wales where a distinctive G-M201 subset G2a3b1 type (DYS388=13 and DYS594=11) dominates and exists among American G-M201 Goldens. 
The highest concentration of G-M201/G2a3b1 comes from a small well-defined area in Wales, located between three villages Oban, Stonehaven and Llanidloes where G2a3b1 is highly common.
‘G-M201’ is the name of a SNP and was an ancient grandfather to 13 American yDNA-tested Goldens … but Grandfather G-M201’s story starts somewhere in what is modern Turkey, possibly even Iran.


Pre-European Origin

Grandfather G-M201 G-L13 probably lived some 10,000 years ago. His grandsons eventually spread throughout much of Europe. It would appear that his origin was eastern Turkey or possibly Iran.
GM201 Migration through Europe

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